Juvenile Arthritis — Do Children have Arthritis?

storybook for children

Do Children have Arthritis?

Children also have arthritis. It is known as Childhood Arthritis (CA) or Juvenile Arthritis (JA).

What are the types of Juvenile Arthritis?

There are many types of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA).

  • Juvenile Dermatomyositis,
  • Juvenile Psoriatic Arthritis,
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and
  • Systemic Arthritis or Still’s disease

What are the symptoms of Juvenile Arthritis?

Each of the different types of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) have their own set of signs and symptoms.

  • Pain — a child may complain of pain right after she wakes up in the morning or after a short sleep. Over-the-counter (OTCs) medications (like paracetamol, ibuprofen, diclofenac etc.) may not relieve the pain. Juvenile Arthritis (JA) related pain may develop over time. The pain may lessen as the child starts moving for the day.
  • Stiffness — a child with Juvenile Arthritis (JA) may have stiff joints, especially in the morning.
  • Swelling — a child may complain of joint hotness and there might be swelling or redness on the skin around the painful joint.
  • Fevers — a child with Juvenile Arthritis (JA) might suffer from frequent fever and fatigue.
  • Rashes — many forms of Juvenile Arthritis (JA) causes rashes on the skin
  • Eye problems — some forms of juvenile arthritis cause serious eye related complications such as uveitis, iritis.

What are the causes of Juvenile Arthritis?

There is no known cause for most forms of Juvenile Arthritis (JA). There is no evidence to show that toxins, foods, or allergies can cause Juvenile Arthritis (JA). Some research studies point towards a genetic predisposition to Juvenile Arthritis (JA).

Can I treat or cure Juvenile Arthritis?

There is no cure for Juvenile Arthritis (JA). With early diagnosis and thorough treatment, remission is possible. The goal of treatment is to relieve inflammation, control pain and improve the child’s quality of life.

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Young Pharmacists Group, Lagos state

Young Pharmacists Group, Lagos state

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This is the official Medium account of the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria- Young Pharmacists' Group, Lagos Chapter, Nigeria.